The shadow education system: private tutoring and its implications for planners (second edition)

The shadow education system: private tutoring and its implications for planners (second edition)

Publisher: IIEP/UNESCO
Serie: Fundamentals of educational planning
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Private tutoring is an important phenomenon that has arisen in a wide variety of countries and can have significant educational, social, and economic ramifications.However, due to the fact that it is a service provided outside the planning and control of the formal education system, the available information on its pervasiveness and potential implications is scarce. Mark Bray makes one of the first investigations of this phenomenon through the systematization and analysis of existing information. Thus, this booklet looks at why private tutoring arises, seeking to identify variables in the education system, the wider socio-cultural context, and the economy that account for, and shape, its existence. It also analyzes how private tutoring can potentially affect a variety of factors including: the academic performance of students, wider social issues such as inequality and socialization processes, and economic productivity. The booklet concludes by discussing the different policy options open to education planners.

Divers
Authors Mark Bray
ISBN 92-803-1187-5
Date of publication 2007
Number of pages 102 p.
Revised edition Second edition

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