Development since Jomtien: EFA [Education for All] in the Middle East and North Africa

Development since Jomtien: EFA [Education for All] in the Middle East and North Africa

Publisher: IIEP
Serie: Jomtien
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In March, 1990, 155 Member States of the United Nations Organization adopted the World Declaration on Education For  Ali  in Jomtien and agreed upon the Framework of Action to meet fundamental educational needs capable of realizing the goals set forth in the declaration.
The first article of the declaration lays dawn the objective to be reached; namely, to respond to the fundamental requirements of every human being. Six further articles specify the nature of the desired education and the ways and means of implementing it. The final three articles focus on the requisite conditions for the success of this colossal undertaking: flanking policies, the mobilization of resources, and greater international solidarity.
The framework of action contemplates three main levels:
(i) direct action within countries;
(ii) co-operation between groups of countries which have sorne features in common and which share sorne concems; and,
(iii)  bilateral  and  multilateral  co-operation  within  the  world community.
Furthermore, it proposes intermediate and specifie targets as weil as guidelines for instituting a tentative agenda for the realization of phases throughout the 1990s.The preparatory phase was 1990/1991, and from 1990 through 1993 the apparatus for consultation and co-operation among ail the partners was to be consolidated and set in motion, with the attendant foilow-up procedures.
On balance, what has been the outcome of the three-year follow-up in the different Member States represented since the above commitments were given?
UNICEF, one of the major promoters of the Jomtien Conference (along  with UNDP,  UNESCO, and the World Bank) made a special
pledge to help meet the goals adopted and hence took the initiative of organizing - in conjunction with the IIEP - a series of meetings for high ranking decision-makers in various regions and sub-regions of the world.
Such seminars meet the concern of U N I C E F and the IIEP to provide support to national efforts in favour of Education for All, to facilitate the sharing of difficulties, successes, and initiatives, and to voice the results achieved to all partners involved in bilateral and multilateral co-operation.
The first seminar in this series of meetings was held in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, from 6 to 8 April 1993, which brought together decisionmakers from six countries of the Sahelian region. The second seminar was conducted in Kampala, Uganda, from 21-23 September 1993, with participants representing seven countries of Southern and Eastern Africa.
This present volume contains the report of a third such meeting held in Amman , Jordan, from 19 to 22 October 1994.
The IIEP wishes to thank the U N I C E F Offices and Governments of participating countries for their co-operation and upport in the preparation of reference documents and the organisation of the seminar.

Authors Govinda, Rangachar/Lorfing, Irene
Country Arab States/North Africa
Date of publication 1995
Number of pages 188 p.

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