Gender and social exclusion

Gender and social exclusion

Publisher: IIEP
Serie: Education Policy Series
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This booklet is about the combined effects of gender and social exclusion on student participation and performance
in basic education. How extensive is the problem? Why is it important? What education policies act as hidden barriers?
Are legal and administrative remedies sufficient? What about affirmative action? Which policies have been effective in
reaching and teaching socially excluded girls, and which ones have not? Are some remedies better suited to some countries
than to other countries? What is affordable for developing countries? This booklet addresses these questions in order
to help countries to: adopt education policies and practices targeted at girls from socially excluded groups, meet their
Millennium Development Goals for Education, and achieve the social and economic benefits of girls’ education.
The booklet begins by reviewing the evidence on socially excluded girls, noting that some girls remain out of school
in all regions, with the vast majority of these coming from “socially excluded” groups: tribal, linguistic, ethnic, rural,
or poor groups that are discriminated against in their own countries. While social exclusion creates barriers to
education for both boys and girls, many of these barriers are higher for girls. These include discriminatory education
policies and practices in schools, limited access to schools, weak quality and poor relevance of schools and curriculum,
absence of pre-schools and compensatory programmes, and social and economic disincentives for parents to educate
girls. The booklet then reviews the evidence for a range of remedies, including ensuring a fair legal framework for
education, increasing the absolute supply and accessibility of schools, improving school quality, eradicating subtle
discrimination in classrooms and schools, making up for past inequity through compensatory programmes, and providing
incentives for girls’ education.
Authors Lockheed, Marlaine E.
ISBN 978-92-803-1343-7
Date of publication 2010
Number of pages 28 p.

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